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On 2011/2/1 12:08 PM, Aaron Albertson wrote:

... here's something similar you can
do in RPG (formatting is off, but you get the idea):

D container_t ds qualified template
D i 10i 0
D j 10i 0
D container ds likeds(container_t)
D offsets ds likeds(container_t)
D pNode s *
D pContainer s *
pNode = %addr(container.j);
pContainer = pNode - (%addr(offsets.j) - %addr(offsets));

Earlier today, I hadn't looked carefully enough for the README that Mihael pointed to. I was puzzled over how such a macro would be used, since the names of the structure and the structure member would have to be known at compile time.

Here's the sample function from the README:
int my_cmp(const struct avltree_node *a,
const struct avltree_node *b)
struct my_struct *p = avltree_container_of(a, my_struct, node);
struct my_struct *q = avltree_container_of(b, my_struct, node);

return p->key - q->key;

Here's an equivalent function in RPG (unformatted and untested). I marked the extra code needed to handle the C macro with ***, and the code that replaces the macro with "mac".

P my_cmp b
D my_cmp pi
D a * value
D b * value

D p ds likeds(my_struct_t)
D based(p_ptr)
D q ds likeds(my_struct_t)
D based(q_ptr)

*** D offsets ds likeds(my_struct_t)
*** D nodeOffset s 10i 0
*** nodeOffset = %addr(offsets.node) - %addr(offsets);
mac p_ptr = a - nodeOffset;
mac q_ptr = b - nodeOffset;

return p.key - q.key;
P e

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