I guess you may be right Brad. I have never used anything but Apache on the IBMi, so I have never really known any different. Did I miss much? :)

-----Original Message-----
From: web400-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxx [mailto:web400-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxx] On Behalf Of Bradley Stone
Sent: 17 January 2013 23:17
To: Web Enabling the IBM i (AS/400 and iSeries)
Subject: Re: [WEB400] CSS file not being found

I think some of the confusion is from the old CERN based HTTP server (remember that? lol).

It didn't really have a DocumentRoot (in the Apache form) and IIR if you didn't specify a link with a forward slash it would use the "current"
directory of the URI (such as /cgi-bin if you're running a CGI program).

Similar to how directories work with WRKLNK and other IFS type commands, etc... if you don't use a forward slash, it tacks on the "current directory". Which means being consistent and never changing the current directory things will work, but if that does change and you're not specifying the fully qualified path, then problems and confusion start.

The use of a forward slash (qualified path) just followed through for some
(including me) to the Apache server. I only prefer the forward slash
because it's how I've always done it, and it's never caused me an issue, even with multiple environments. And I've put together many thousand sites for myself and many others over the years.

As long as I set up my paths/directories the same for each environment, it works (and "should" work with a virtual path as well with the Apache server).

But I HATE seeing things like .../../..//../../main.css in HTML files..
(yes, that's exaggerated).. haha..

Brad
www.bvstools.com


On Thu, Jan 17, 2013 at 5:02 PM, Kevin Turner
<kevin.turner@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>wrote:

Robert

I have never used a base tag, but I still use relative links in
dynamically generated HTML. Works just fine.

Rgds
Kevin

Sent from my iPad

On 17 Jan 2013, at 22:57, "Dean, Robert" <rdean@xxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

The browser would only do that if you reset the document base using
the
<base> tag. I should have thought of that earlier, because it's (IMO)
the more correct solution to the original problem. However, it's been
a while since I've written a cgi-bin script that produces HTML. ;-)

Example
<head>
<base href="http://my.domain.name/"; /> </head>

________________________________________
From: web400-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxx [web400-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxx] on
behalf of Kevin Turner [kevin.turner@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx]
Sent: Thursday, January 17, 2013 5:30 PM
To: Web Enabling the IBM i (AS/400 and iSeries)
Subject: Re: [WEB400] CSS file not being found

Vern

It depends on the directives, but normally HTML delivered from a CGI
program (for example) are deemed to be in the document root. So HTML
delivered that way can reference static resources relative to the
document root (without a preceding '/').

It works like that for me anyway :) I never use absolute paths in my
apps. Not sure why, or what is better or worse really. I am sure
there are arguments to be had either way.

Rgds
Kevin

-----Original Message-----
From: web400-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxx
[mailto:web400-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxx]
On Behalf Of Vernon Hamberg
Sent: 17 January 2013 22:26
To: Web Enabling the IBM i (AS/400 and iSeries)
Subject: Re: [WEB400] CSS file not being found

Kevin

I've generally used absolute paths, so it'd help me to know how the
current folder is determined - I thought it was the folder where the
active HTML file is located.

Now if that's true - it's fine for static pages. But dynamic pages
are
not located anywhere. So what is the current folder then? Is it the
document root?

I was just looking up some of this but did not get an answer
quickly. I
do remember reading about it once upon a time - along with other fairy
tales, eh?

Vern

On 1/17/2013 4:20 PM, Kevin Turner wrote:
Steve

You should not have to put a '/' in front of the file name to make
it
work. That just makes it an absolute path. It should would without
'/' as long as the file you are looking for it relative to the current folder.

For example:
/foo/bar/kevin.css
This translates to:
http://www.example.com/foo/bar/kevin.css

But without the slash, it becomes a relative reference rather than
absolute:
foo/bar/kevin.css
tells the server to look in the current folder (not the root
folder)
for the directory "foo" and then drill down to "bar" for kevin.css.
../foo/bar/kevin.css
tells the server to go back one folder from the current folder,
then
look in directory "foo" and then drill down to "bar" for kevin.css.

So if it doesn't work without a '/', it just means that you are not
referencing it properly, relative to the current folder (i.e. the
folder in which the HTML file resides that is requesting it).

In other words, if I have a directory structure like this:
myserver
-->htdocs
---->css

If my html file is in myserver/htdocs and my css file (called
steve.css) is in myserver/htdocs/css Then my html can reference the
css like this (without a '/' at the start) href="css/steve.css"

If steve.css is in the same place as the html (i.e in
myserver/htdocs)
then it can be referenced like this:
href="steve.css"

Clear as mud!
Kevin

-----Original Message-----
From: web400-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxx
[mailto:web400-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxx]
On Behalf Of Steve Richter
Sent: 17 January 2013 21:54
To: Web Enabling the IBM i (AS/400 and iSeries)
Subject: Re: [WEB400] CSS file not being found

On Thu, Jan 17, 2013 at 4:47 PM, Kevin Turner <
kevin.turner@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
That is what I said in my first reply Steve! :)
I see that now.. Smacks head.

Now that it is working I see that it does not work without the / in
front of the .css file name:

<link rel="stylesheet" href="/steve.css" /> <!-- works -->
<link rel="stylesheet" href="steve.css" /> <!-- does not work -->

The <directory> directives are mainly for you to dictate
permissions to various locations in the document root. You can
refer to anything
in a <directory> directive, but if the directory does not exist, it
just gets ignored.
got it.
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Company Registration Number 5021022.
Registered Office:
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Southampton, UK
SO15 2EA
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