Thanks.  Still not making progress.  The error message at the end of the build attempt is:

    ImportError: Could not load module /tmp/pip-build-env-qs8sS8/overlay/lib/python2.7/site-packages/_cffi_backend.so.

And yet the location for_cffi_backend.so is here:

-rwxr-xr-x    1 pete     0           1004329 Nov  3 17:38 /QOpenSys/pkgs/lib/python2.7/site-packages/_cffi_backend.so

There is nothing, nada, zip in the /tmp folder.  That may be normal but I was hoping to find some logs or some details indicating what is going on.

Pete Helgren
www.petesworkshop.com
GIAC Secure Software Programmer-Java
Twitter - Sys_i_Geek IBM_i_Geek

On 11/3/2019 12:18 PM, Jesse Gorzinski wrote:
Yes, that does get sufficiently confusing.
Yum puts on the language runtimes, and the language runtime gives you the
ability to install language packages.
The exception here is Python. For some packages that need "IBM i magic" or
are needed as dependencies from
other RPMs, IBM delivers those in RPM form. Generally, you want to install
the RPM version whenever possible.
Mixing RPM packages with pip packages can allow for things to get "out of
sync" of you're not careful, meaning
the package's "real" status can end up misaligned with what pip and/or yum
thinks is installed.


"OpenSource" <opensource-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote on 11/03/2019
07:54:46 AM:

From: Pete Helgren <pete@xxxxxxxxxx>
To: IBMi Open Source Roundtable <opensource@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: 11/03/2019 07:54 AM
Subject: [EXTERNAL] Re: [IBMiOSS] Building cryptography for python2
Sent by: "OpenSource" <opensource-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

The python3 packages gave me a clue to what was needed and yes, cffi was
installed :

bash-4.4$ pip2 install cffi
DEPRECATION: Python 2.7 will reach the end of its life on January 1st,
2020. Please upgrade your Python as Python 2.7 won't be maintained after
that date. A future version of pip will drop support for Python 2.7.
More details about Python 2 support in pip, can be found at
https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?

u=https-3A__pip.pypa.io_en_latest_development_release-2Dprocess_-23python-2D2-2Dsupport&d=DwIGaQ&c=jf_iaSHvJObTbx-
siA1ZOg&r=ZCVxF-
w6wAginVZ42dfeYbM5huvio_77jTCJXaiFgrE&m=KVk84tfgy9h5ALhWU-

pYQrwZVBDvRATk_FtjrnHzZ7M&s=1zLqIhfBBwnuBSKJpxSojl5wCaa7H-FMDeL-_F2L1T8&e=

Requirement already satisfied: cffi in
/QOpenSys/pkgs/lib/python2.7/site-packages (1.13.1)
Requirement already satisfied: pycparser in
/QOpenSys/pkgs/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from cffi) (2.19)

But, help me out here....yum vs pip is throwing me a bit. yum is needed
to install some aix/pase packages and then pip to install the python
dependencies? Maybe that is where I missed the boat: First yum and then
pip on the install?...I haven't had to do much with python packages
because they have generally been available without the need to build so
I may have missed a few steps or misread the errors.

I'll follow the link. Thanks

Pete Helgren
www.petesworkshop.com
GIAC Secure Software Programmer-Java
Twitter - Sys_i_Geek IBM_i_Geek

On 11/2/2019 8:58 PM, Jesse Gorzinski wrote:
That particular error just means you need to "pip2 install cffi"
first.
If you need any hints on how IBM built any of their packages, you can
find
all answers to every package IBM has built here:
ftp://public.dhe.ibm.com/software/ibmi/products/pase/rpms/repo/src/

For instance, the spec file for the Python3 package shows the
necessary
runtime dependencies
Requires: python3-cffi
Requires: python3-asn1crypto
Requires: python3-idna
Requires: python3-six

The BuildRequires shows you everything that was needed to build a
package.
For instance, if you chased down the
spec for the python3-cffi module you'd see
BuildRequires: python3-devel
BuildRequires: python3-pip
BuildRequires: libffi-devel
BuildRequires: pkg-config
BuildRequires: python3-pycparser

So you'll have some time to spend building dependencies (probably 7/8
in
total) but overall this should be a pretty doable exercise.
Start with "yum install libffi-devel pkg-config python2-six"
Then "pip2 install pycparser cffi asn1crypto idna"
... and go from there!




"OpenSource" <opensource-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote on
11/02/2019
01:43:26 PM:

From: Pete Helgren <pete@xxxxxxxxxx>
To: IBMi Open Source Roundtable <opensource@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: 11/02/2019 01:43 PM
Subject: [EXTERNAL] [IBMiOSS] Building cryptography for python2
Sent by: "OpenSource" <opensource-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

I see that python3 has the cryptography library but not python2 . I
am
on V7R4 and python 2.7.17 installed through the Open Source Package
manager (the only way OSS has been installed on this machine). I get
the following error:

bash-4.4$ pip2 install cryptography
DEPRECATION: Python 2.7 will reach the end of its life on January
1st,
2020. Please upgrade your Python as Python 2.7 won't be maintained
after
that date. A future version of pip will drop support for Python 2.7.
More details about Python 2 support in pip, can be found at
https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?

u=https-3A__pip.pypa.io_en_latest_development_release-2Dprocess_-23python-2D2-2Dsupport&d=DwIGaQ&c=jf_iaSHvJObTbx-
siA1ZOg&r=ZCVxF-
w6wAginVZ42dfeYbM5huvio_77jTCJXaiFgrE&m=qeuQ6fdglsaTQCDEAX2aNmBq-
PeFfrGYVzpLL9P3Vyo&s=3wH7Ck1Ej8m3L-wHynkTSk18wRVkVuuEX-_Arh2C_rM&e=
Collecting cryptography
Using cached
https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?

u=https-3A__files.pythonhosted.org_packages_be_60_da377e1bed002716fb2d5d1d1cab720f298cb33ecff7bf7adea72788e4e4_cryptography-2D2.
8.tar.gz&d=DwIGaQ&c=jf_iaSHvJObTbx-siA1ZOg&r=ZCVxF-
w6wAginVZ42dfeYbM5huvio_77jTCJXaiFgrE&m=qeuQ6fdglsaTQCDEAX2aNmBq-
PeFfrGYVzpLL9P3Vyo&s=2CYauS3gLrXfzH-lhatf2FcPc2vmHf3dAiA5MXfW7Eo&e=
Installing build dependencies ... done
Getting requirements to build wheel ... done
Preparing wheel metadata ... error
ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1:
command: /QOpenSys/pkgs/bin/python2

/QOpenSys/pkgs/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pip/_vendor/pep517/_in_process.py
prepare_metadata_for_build_wheel /tmp/tmpV3U20Q
cwd: /tmp/pip-install-CW5LUD/cryptography
Complete output (41 lines):
Traceback (most recent call last):
File
"/QOpenSys/pkgs/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pip/_vendor/pep517/
_in_process.py",
line 257, in <module>
main()
File
"/QOpenSys/pkgs/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pip/_vendor/pep517/
_in_process.py",
line 240, in main
json_out['return_val'] = hook(**hook_input['kwargs'])
File
"/QOpenSys/pkgs/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pip/_vendor/pep517/
_in_process.py",
line 110, in prepare_metadata_for_build_wheel
return hook(metadata_directory, config_settings)
File
"/tmp/pip-build-env-3ziLDd/overlay/lib/python2.7/site-packages/
setuptools/build_meta.py",
line 156, in prepare_metadata_for_build_wheel
self.run_setup()
File
"/tmp/pip-build-env-3ziLDd/overlay/lib/python2.7/site-packages/
setuptools/build_meta.py",
line 142, in run_setup
exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'), locals())
File "setup.py", line 275, in <module>
**keywords_with_side_effects(sys.argv)
File
"/tmp/pip-build-env-3ziLDd/overlay/lib/python2.7/site-packages/
setuptools/__init__.py",
line 145, in setup
return distutils.core.setup(**attrs)
File "/QOpenSys/pkgs/lib/python2.7/distutils/core.py", line
111,
in setup
_setup_distribution = dist = klass(attrs)
File
"/tmp/pip-build-env-3ziLDd/overlay/lib/python2.7/site-packages/
setuptools/dist.py",
line 447, in __init__
k: v for k, v in attrs.items()
File "/QOpenSys/pkgs/lib/python2.7/distutils/dist.py", line
287,
in __init__
self.finalize_options()
File
"/tmp/pip-build-env-3ziLDd/overlay/lib/python2.7/site-packages/
setuptools/dist.py",
line 735, in finalize_options
ep.load()(self, ep.name, value)
File
"/tmp/pip-build-env-3ziLDd/overlay/lib/python2.7/site-packages/cffi/
setuptools_ext.py",
line 217, in cffi_modules
add_cffi_module(dist, cffi_module)
File
"/tmp/pip-build-env-3ziLDd/overlay/lib/python2.7/site-packages/cffi/
setuptools_ext.py",
line 49, in add_cffi_module
execfile(build_file_name, mod_vars)
File
"/tmp/pip-build-env-3ziLDd/overlay/lib/python2.7/site-packages/cffi/
setuptools_ext.py",
line 25, in execfile
exec(code, glob, glob)
File "src/_cffi_src/build_openssl.py", line 106, in <module>
extra_link_args=extra_link_args(compiler_type()),
File "src/_cffi_src/utils.py", line 57, in
build_ffi_for_binding
extra_link_args=extra_link_args,
File "src/_cffi_src/utils.py", line 65, in build_ffi
ffi = FFI()
File

"/tmp/pip-build-env-3ziLDd/overlay/lib/python2.7/site-packages/cffi/api.py",
line 48, in __init__
import _cffi_backend as backend
ImportError: Could not load module
/tmp/pip-build-env-3ziLDd/overlay/lib/python2.7/site-packages/
_cffi_backend.so.
The local-exec model was used for thread-local
storage, but the module is not the main program.
Examine the .loader section header with the 'dump -Hv' command.
----------------------------------------
ERROR: Command errored out with exit status 1:
/QOpenSys/pkgs/bin/python2

/QOpenSys/pkgs/lib/python2.7/site-packages/pip/_vendor/pep517/_in_process.py
prepare_metadata_for_build_wheel /tmp/tmpV3U20Q Check the logs for
full
command output.

Searches turned up nothing useful.cffi is installed: (with "pip2
install
cffi") just can't quite sort out what the error is trying to tell me
except that _cffi_backend.so shared object isn't found.

--
Pete Helgren
www.petesworkshop.com
GIAC Secure Software Programmer-Java
Twitter - Sys_i_Geek IBM_i_Geek

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