• Subject: RE: PF File Definition questions...
  • From: Buck Calabro <mcalabro@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Fri, 15 Oct 1999 12:06:27 -0400

Rob,
I am fairly new to RI, so I had to try this.  On V4R3, I created a PF:
A          R PHYR                      TEXT('Sample PF w/o key') 
A*                                                               
A            PHYKEY         5          COLHDG('Logical key')     
A            PHYDTA        50          COLHDG('Associated data') 

I was able to use the following command to add a *PRIKEY constraint even
though there is no key specified in the PF:
ADDPFCST FILE(PHY) TYPE(*PRIKEY) KEY(PHYKEY)

When I DFU the file, I am unable to add two records with the same value for
PHYKEY.  

I built another unkeyed physical:
A          R DEPR                      TEXT('Sample PF w/o key')
A*                                                              
A            DEPKEY         5          COLHDG('Logical key')    
A            DEPDTA        50          COLHDG('Associated data')

and added an RI constraint:
ADDPFCST FILE(PHYDEP) TYPE(*REFCST) KEY(DEPKEY) PRNFILE(PHY)

and was unable to DFU a record into PHYDEP unless the equivalent record was
in PHY.  What problems did you encounter?

By the way, I completely agree with your assessment of multiple members.
They are a big mistake.  We have old software here that makes extensive use
of multiple members (one for each month) and it is a genuine headache to
deal with cross-month/quarter/year reporting.  The member name knows what
accounting month the data is for, but the DATA inside the member doesn't.
If we had the accounting month in the files we could have easily done
queries, SETLL/READE etc across month boundaries.

Buck Calabro

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Rob Berendt 
> Sent: Friday, October 15, 1999 10:00 AM
> To:   MIDRANGE-L@midrange.com
> Subject:      Re: PF File Definition questions...
> 
> Most of our package PF's do not have a key.  Any new ones I create, 
> do.  I am trying to follow database rules.  You cannot do Referential 
> Integrity on files without a primary key.  Also, I avoid multiple 
> members for the same reason.  I've had to use trigger programs when 
> simple RI would have been effective just because of the multiple member 
> situation.  We have a UPS.  We use RAID.  The risk mentioned by one
> person aren't overweighing the benefits.  At least in our situation.
> 
+---
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