If it's about RPG2/3 and DDS, i remember a friend of mine who wrote some analyzing software which automatically detecds hard coded literals and throws them out into message files, which can be edited by any person for any language. If i remember right, there is also a possibility for Cobol. If anyone is interested, please mail me. I will as my friend about this software. -h *** Holger Scherer Software und Beratung Milbertshofener Str. 34 80807 Munich - Germany Fon: 089-35319553 Fax: 089-35319555 www.holgerscherer.de -----Original Message----- From: jmp_experia [mailto:jmpenasse@xxxxxxxxxxx] Since analyzing sources seems the only solution, maybe it's time for us to really externalize literals instead of only replacing them.