Not sure if this help, but we just swapped out all of our twinax lines and use Raspberry Pi’s running Raspbian and TN5250 for emulation. It works for both Display and Printer emulation.

Josh Gillespie

On Jan 4, 2019, at 8:54 AM, "alan@xxxxxxxxxxx" <alan@xxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

This list seems pretty dead, but also seems the most apropos to my

I recently acquired a 5362 System/36 that actually IPLs and runs with an
internal 30 and 60 MB hard disk. It came with a 3179 terminal. But I
started looking at some more practical (and lighter) communication
options - particularly for data transfer - and only found the suite of
products by Which seems ok for basic emulation but
overpriced for a data transfer solution.

After browsing countless eBay listings for ISA & PCI twinax emulation
cards, I visually noticed a common hardware pattern in the component
selection so I started digging a little deeper. It turns out the wire
level protocol on midrange twinax ports isn't that complex.
Electrically it's basically differential TTL. The protocol is
essentially 1 Msps Manchester encoding with a default idle wire state,
simple pre and post ambles, and simple framing. A lot of the cards I've
found use a common framer ASIC but that could easily be replicated with
a small FPGA and some line drivers / opamps. And iCE40up5k could do the
entire job including USB and frame buffers. A BoM cost (not including
twin-ax dongle) would be < $25.

It would be fairly easy to build a completely opensource USB to twinax
adapter (or Ethernet or ...) but the protocol payload seems like an
ocean I don't want to fill with a kitchen tap of time.

How feasible would it be to leverage something like the tn5250 code base
on top of a custom hardware bridge to create a modern twinax emulation
solution? Are the payload formats over twinax and the IP encapsulation

Other than a few retro enthusiasts, how much interest would there be in
such a design? The last thing I want to do it tank segment of
TwinData's market to make what is probably an already shaky business
unstable then I run out of time and can't support things. I would hate
to leave the community with less options by creating more.

Just curious on thoughts from what seems like a 5250 core user base.

In the meantime, I may build a simple sniffer to eves-drop on the line
and capture a communication dump of the S/36 and terminal to see if the
payload looks sane.


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